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The History of the Internet and the Web

I could look for a statistic that shows the time that on average a person spends surfing the net but I choose not to do it maybe because in a sense it scares me to find out.

It is undeniable, in fact, the importance that the internet, ” the network of networks “, has assumed in society and also in the everyday life of us all. And although for the youngest internet and the services that it offers are almost a foregone conclusion, those who have a few more years behind can remember the evolution they have had over the years.

Let’s try together to retrace the steps that marked the development and spread of the “network” and, as far as possible, to clarify some points. Every day we surf on our notebooks or mobile devices, post on the various social channels, but have we ever stopped to think about what the Web is ? where does it come from? when was he born?

History of the birth and development of the web

The chronicle of the main events that characterized the birth and development of the web follows.

1960 : the US Department of Defense alarmed by the USSR threat (we are in the middle of the cold war) founds the ARPA, an agency with the aim of developing a system of communication between computers of nearby military bases able to withstand a nuclear war. A decentralized network is developed, the ARPANET !

1983 : The ARPA divides “ARPANET” into two networks: the first, “milnet”, for strictly military use; the second, “internet”, donated to the population. Soon it was adopted in universities, research centers and other institutes not only of the new continent but of the whole globe!

1991 : the world wild web is born !!! In the www, information is shared via hypertext links (hyperlinks or simply links). In this way the user can create a complete knowledge of the contents and navigate not in a sequential manner but according to his choices!

1994 : Yahoo! David Filo and Jerry Yang create a link repository that can track their personal interests on the internet. Having soon become a list too long and chaotic, they decide to divide it into categories, which in turn and in a short time suffered the same problem, leading to the subsequent creation of sub-categories and the first concept of search engine .

1995 : the world knows the internet! The Bill Gates Microsoft enter the browser market Internet Explorer installed on your Windows 95 operating system!

1997 : two students from Stanford University (Larry Page and Sergey Brin) create Google , a search engine created to catalog and index Word Wilde Web resources!

2000 : the dot.com bubble bursts

2001 : Wikipedia is born! Today it is the sixth most visited site in the world and the most famous example of crowdsourcing !

2003 : ArtistShare is the first online crowdfunding platform .

2004 : Mark Zuckerberg creates Facebook, the most famous social network in the world!

2006 : YouTube is born, web platform for sharing and viewing online videos! It is the third most visited site in the world!

2007 : Steve Jobs presents the first iPhone model to the world, the possibility of having internet when you want and where you want! It is also the turn of apps, born with the aim of simplifying and making computer life more enjoyable and not for users!

2010-2017 : The web is increasingly mobile, smartphones and tablets become the most widely used internet access devices in the world. The cloud computing is growing exponentially across all sectors and the sharing economy becomes more and more “rich and powerful” ..

The difference between the internet and the web

Contrary to popular belief, “Internet” and “web” are not synonymous, rather they are two very different concepts.

What is the internet?

Internet is a network of computers connected to each other that offers users the possibility of searching for informational content and services, communicating with each other globally. There are a number of languages ​​on the Internet that allow information to “travel” between computers. These languages ​​are called protocols : there are several in the Internet and their use differs depending on the type of service that is required.

What is the World Wide Web?

The Web is one of the main Internet services, to understand what we use every day through google to interdict us. It allows you to take advantage of a set of different types of content, linked to each other through links such as links and other services accessible to all or to a selected part of Internet users. And if you are wondering why the web has become the most important , the answer lies in the spread of search engines .

Who invented the internet? Brief history of the internet and the web ..

The idea of ​​the concept of a hypertext system dates back to 1945, but it remained a simple theory that would have been taken up, as often happened in technology, in the military sphere with the ARPANET project of the early 1960s.

The birth of the internet

In the 1970s, a computer psychologist, Joseph Licklider , began working on the idea that a computer network could be used to exchange information to be archived and consulted. Within a few months, the first computer network was created, consisting of 4 physically connected servers.

Soon after, the servers, which were located in several American universities, went up to 23, but were no longer physically connected, but through the internet! This connection of university servers and the study of internet projects by study and research groups favored the rapidity of the network.

In the 1970s, some European nations also began to hook up to the network with servers located on their territory.  In Italy this happened on April 30th 1986 at the University of Pisa .

In the 1980s, after the initial confusion about the protocols to be used – each one used its own closed protocol – it finally saw its end thanks to the birth of a new open standard, the TCP / IP protocol, still used today.

The inventor of the web, Tim Barners Lee

In 1991 a CERN scholar, Tim Barners Lee , works on a system capable of giving life to the concept of hypertext. Content, images, texts and links that can link to other information begin to be managed by the network.

On August 23, 1991, the World Wide Web was born as we know it (not really exactly the same as it is now, it was very ugly but it was certainly revolutionary for the time). But it still takes two more years for CERN to make the project public and start spreading it outside the scientific community.

From that moment, however, the adventure of the World Wide Web begins . A technology is born that will revolutionize the world and the way to communicate globally.